Drug Rehabilitation Clinics

Stop use drugs, otherwise the drugs will stop you.

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What are drugs?

The best definition of Drugs that I found is: A drug is any substance that can be used to modify a chemical process or processes in the body, for example to treat an illness, relieve a symptom, enhance a performance or ability, or to alter states of mind. The word "drug" is etymologically derived from the Dutch/Low German word "droog", which means "dry", since in the past, most drugs were dried plant parts.

List of often used drugs




Marijuana

- Marijuana is the most commonly used drug in Europe.

How does Marijuana look like?
Marijuana has green, brown or gray color of dried shredded leaves, stems and seeds of the Hemp Plant alos know as Cannabis sativa.

Methods of Usage
Marijuana and other cannabis products are usually smoked, sometimes in a pipe or water pipe, but most often in loosely rolled cigarettes known as "joints." Some users will slice open and hollow out cigars, replacing the tobacco with marijuana, to make what are called "blunts." Joints and blunts may be laced with other substances, including crack cocaine and the potent hallucinogen phencyclidine (PCP), substantially altering effects of the drug. Smoking, however, is not the sole route of administration. Marijuana can be brewed into tea or mixed in baked products (cookies or brownies).

Street Terms
Street terms for Marijuana are: Weed, Grass, Herb, Pot, Dope, Bud.

Who Use Marijuana?
Marijuana is often used by teenagers all over Europe. The drug is illegal in all European country's except in The Netherlands. Many people also know as "drug tourist", go to The Netherlands for the use of Marijuana.

The consequences of Marijuana usage
Effects of marijuana addiction can include problems with memory and learning, difficulty in thinking and problem solving, loss of coordination, and increased heart rate, anxiety, panic attacks, tolerance, and physical dependence. Not everyone who uses marijuana becomes addicted. A low usage has a low level of addiction, but when the usage of marijuana is increased the user is more and more dependent on the drug.

Heroin

How does Heroin look like?
Pure Heroin is a withe crystalline substance derived from the poppy plant. The other Heroin varies have dark brown color like "Black Tar Heroin", this heroin is sticky like tar and hard like coal.

Methods of Usage
When prescribed, narcotics are most often taken by mouth. Heroin, however, is generally inhaled or injected, although it may also be smoked. Heroin can be mixed with tobacco or marijuana and smoked in a pipe or cigarette. It may also be heated and burned, releasing fumes that users inhale ("chasing the dragon"). Users who choose injection, generally inject directly into a major vein ("mainlining"), although some may start by injecting under the skin ("popping"). Heroin abusers often use other drugs as well. They may "speedball," taking cocaine or methamphetamine with heroin, or use alcohol, marijuana, or tranquilizers to enhance the high and blunt effects of withdrawal.

Street Terms
Street terms for Heroin are: smack, big H, skag, junk, thunder, hell dust, nose drops.

Who Use Heroin?
Heroin addiction can be found at almost every economic level, age and social standing. Because of the high price that the people have to pay for Heroin, the age of usage is increased to 24, people often use cheaper alternative drugs like some form of Cocain.

The consequences of Heroin usage
Heroin is an extremely dangerous and powerful drug, the abuser must use higher does to achieve the desired effect,physical dependence and addiction develop. Chronic use may cause collapsed veins, infection of heart lining and valves, abscesses, liver disease, pulmonary complications, and various types of pneumonia. May cause depression of central nervous system, cloudy mental functioning, and slowed breathing to the point of respiratory failure. Heroin overdose may cause slow and shallow breathing, convulsions, coma, and possibly death

Cocaine/ Crack

How does Cocaine look like?
Cocaine substance is a fine white crystalline powder derived from the coca leaves. "Crack" or "rock" Cocaine is an off-white chunky material.

Methods of Usage
The primary route of administration for Cocaine powder is through inhalation, commonly referred to as "snorting." This is often done in a ritualistic way; e.g., poured onto a mirror, chopped, separated into "lines," and then "snorted" off a small "coke" spoon, or through a straw or rolled-up currency. Some users dissolve the powder in water and inject it into veins, though this is less common than "snorting." Crack is smoked. This is easier than "snorting" and carries much less social stigma than injection. Chips or chunks are usually placed in a pipe, often made of glass, or a similar vessel and heated with a match or cigarette lighter. The user inhales the fumes.

Street Terms
Street terms for Cocaine are: coke, nose candy, snowball,blow, tornado, wicky stick, snow, flake,

Who Use Cocaine?
Cocain is the seceond most used drug in Europe. Adults 18 to 25 years old have the highest rate of current cocaine use, compared to other age groups presumably because it is very expensive.

What is the effect of Cocaine?
Cocaine in all its forms stimulates the central nervous system. It causes the heart to beat more rapidly and blood vessels to constrict. This results in the demand for a greater supply of blood. But the narrowed blood vessels are unable to deliver the volume of blood demanded, which significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular incidents or strokes. Initially, use of these drugs reduces appetite and makes the user feel more alert, energetic, and self-confident—even more powerful.
With high doses, users can become delusional, paranoid, and even suffer acute toxic psychosis. Blood pressure increases, which can cause strokes or heart attacks. In some cases these effects have proven fatal. As the drug’s effects wear off, a depression (often called a "crash") can set in, leaving the user feeling fatigued, jumpy, fearful, and anxious. Crack causes the same effects as powder cocaine. Because it is smoked, however, onset is more rapid and intensity greater. Thus, the effects may be significantly exacerbated. The depression following use is described as considerably deeper and more profound. The likelihood of cocaine psychosis after binging on crack may be greater and notably more intense. Crack use is associated with incidents of hyperactive violence by users and is capable of doing significant harm to fetuses of pregnant users.

XTC

What is XTC?
XTC is called MDMA (3-4- Methylenedioxymethamphetamine) by scientists, it is a synthetic chemical that can be derived from an essential oil of the sassafras tree. MDMA is also one of the easiest illegal drugs to obtain. Its effects are similar to those of amphetamines and hallucinogens. While not all “event” attendees use Ecstasy, the drug often makes the circuit of these parties and can set up dangerous circumstances that can affect everyone there

Methods of Usage
Ecstasy is usually taken in pill form and swallowed and it can also be injected Some users have been known to crush and snort the resulting powder. Others insert the pill into the anus where it is absorbed. This process is known as “shafting.”

Street Terms
Street terms for XTC are: E, Adam, Roll, Bean, X and XTC, Go, Clarity, Essence, Stacy, Lover’s Speed, Eve, X

Who Use XTC?
Ecstasy is one of the most dangerous drugs threatening young people today. Distributed almost anywhere, it has become very popular at social events like raves, hip hop parties, concerts, etc. frequented by both adults and youth.

What is the effect of XTC?
Ecstasy is similar (in nature) to other amphetamines and hallucinogens. It speeds up the nervous system and acts as a mood enhancer. Also referred to as “the love drug”, Ecstasy often makes the user feel good, happy and relaxed – at least at first. Contrary to rumors, Ecstasy is not an aphrodisiac and can actually inhibit sexual performance. The taking of any drug affects people differently. Depending on size, weight, health, dosage and other drugs being used, the reaction can be mild or very severe. Anyone suffering from hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, epilepsy, mental illness or panic should avoid taking Ecstasy. The following effects start within 20 minutes of taking E and can last for 4 – 6 hours or longer: Increased heart rate, Increased blood, Feelings of well-being, Increased body, pressure (happiness, love), Increased confidence, Sweating, temperature, Anxiety, Nausea, Loss of appetite.

LSD

What is LSD?
LSD, commonly called “acid”, is the best known of the hallucinogens. LSD was originally synthesized in 1938 by Dr. Albert Hoffman. However, its hallucinogenic effects were unknown until 1943 when Hoffman accidentally consumed some LSD. It was later found that an oral dose of as little as 0.000025 grams (or 25 micrograms, equal in weight to a few grains of salt) is capable of producing rich and vivid hallucinations.

Methods of Usage
LSD is generally taken orally and in very small doses. Most often, LSD is found in small squares of impregnated paper, called "blotter acid." The squares may come in perforated sheets, like postage stamps, sometimes with an eye-catching image on each square. The drug may also come in tiny tablets, called "microdots," or in small, thin, gelatin squares, known as "windowpane." LSD is sometimes available in a clear liquid solution. This is dispensed with an eyedropper, onto sugar cubes or directly onto the tongue. Another variety, "blue dot acid," consists of paper slips smeared with a blue-colored solution of the drug

What is the effect of LSD?
Physical effects of LSD may include: dilated pupils, high temperature, rapid heartbeat, increased blood pressure, sleeplessness, appetite loss, and tremors. Psychological effects can last for 12 hours. During the first 30 to 90 minutes, changes in visual perception and mood are likely. As the drug achieves its one-to two-hour “peak,” the user may experience distorted impressions of time, space, and distance. “Tracking” may occur-the observation of streams of colored light following the path of a moving object and “psychedelic” patterns may appear. Judgment and the ability to recognize immediate danger can be impaired increasing the risk of injury. Acute anxiety, depression, panic, paranoia, or psychotic behavior may accompany a bad trip or may occur after most other effects of the drug have worn off. An overdose can result in a longer, more intense and more frightening trip, and the spontaneous, recurring hallucinations known as flashbacks can occur days, weeks, or more than a year after LSD use.



Methamphetamine (Crystal Meth)

What is Methamphetamine?
Methamphetamine is a central nervous system stimulant of the amphetamine family. Like cocaine, it is a powerful "upper" that produces alertness and elation, along with a variety of adverse reactions. The effects of methamphetamine, however, are much longer lasting than the effects of cocaine, yet the cost is much the same. For that reason, methamphetamine is sometimes called the "poor man’s cocaine."

Methods of Usage
Methamphetamine can be swallowed, smoked, snorted, or injected. Sold as a powder, it can be mixed with water for injection or sprinkled on tobacco or marijuana and smoked. Chunks of clear, high-purity methamphetamine ("ice," "crystal," "glass"), which resemble rock candy, are smoked in a small pipe, much as "crack" cocaine is smoked. Some users exploit the rapid vaporization of methamphetamine, spreading the powdered drug on aluminum foil, heating the foil, and inhaling the fumes that are released. Others "speedball" by combining methamphetamine and heroin.

Street terms for Methamphetamine
Street terms for Methamphetamine: speed, chalk, ice, crank, glass or crystal-meth

What is the effect of Methamphetamine?
The effects of methamphetamine use can include addiction, psychotic behavior, and brain damage. Methamphetamine is highly addictive and users trying to abstain from use may suffer withdrawal symptoms that include depression, anxiety, fatigue, paranoia, aggression, and intense cravings for the drug. Chronic methamphetamine use can cause violent behavior, anxiety, confusion, and insomnia. Users can also exhibit psychotic behavior including auditory hallucinations, mood disturbances, delusions, and paranoia, possibly resulting in homicidal or suicidal thoughts.10 Use of methamphetamine can cause damage to the brain that is detectable months after the use of the drug. The damage to the brain caused by methamphetamine use is similar to damage caused by Alzheimer's disease, stroke, and epilepsy.

Alcohol

What is Alcohol?
Alcohol is the oldest and most widely used drug in the world. Alcohol is the name to given a variety of related compounds; the drinkable form is ethanol, or ethyl alcohol. It is a powerful, addictive, central nervous system depressant produced by the action of yeast cells on carbohydrates in fruits and grains. A liquid that is taken orally, alcohol is often consumed in large quantities. Surveys of adolescent and young adult drinkers indicate that they are particularly likely to drink heavily with the intention of getting drunk—often every time they drink.

What is the effect of Alcohol?
When a person consumes alcohol, the drug acts on nerve cells deep in the brain. Alcohol initially serves as a stimulant, then induces feelings of relaxation and reduced anxiety. Consumption of two or three drinks in an hour can impair judgment, lower inhibitions, and induce mild euphoria. Five drinks consumed in two hours may raise the blood alcohol level to 0.10 percent, high enough to be considered legally intoxicated in every state. Once a drinker stops drinking, his or her blood alcohol level decreases by about 0.01 percent per hour. In addition to risk of injury or death as a result of accident or violence, alcohol abuse can cause or worsen many physical and mental disorders. Neurological dangers include impaired vision and impaired motor coordination, memory defects, hallucinations, blackouts, and seizures. Long-term consumption can result in permanent damage to the brain. Cardiological problems include elevated blood pressure and heart rate, risk of stroke and heart failure. Respiratory dangers include respiratory depression and failure, pneumonia, tuberculosis, and lung abscesses. Additionally, alcohol abuse increases the risk of mouth and throat cancer. Liver disease caused by chronic alcohol abuse, including alcoholic fatty liver, hepatitis, and cirrhosis.